Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that is used for signal transmission in the nervous system. It is involved in learning and thinking processes, and also controls the voluntary movements of muscles.
Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common forms of dementia (60 to 70 per cent of all cases). It is a progressive, degenerative, incurable brain disease. The intellectual power of the memory is constantly decreasing, and the neurons are dying in the entire brain. The sufferer is unable to perform the simplest tasks of daily life. Usually the symptoms occur after the completion of the 60th birthday.
The cognitive therapy is a form of bbehaviour therapy. The environmental / reality orientation, coordination and operating procedures of the affected person get determined and will be relieved by labelling of objects or help from outsiders, for example neighbours.
Dementia is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. It may be static, the result of a unique global brain injury, or progressive, resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body. Although dementia is far more common in the geriatric population, it can occur before the age of 65, in which case it is termed "early onset dementia. [Wikipedia Article: Dementia]
Although there are drugs on the marke, which lessen the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, there is no cure for the disease available. To date, there is no cure for Alzheimer's. The available drugs just extend the time of independence for the person with dementia. In general, it is also not true that these drugs will prolong the life of the person concerned.
In the early stadium of dementia a lot of assistance is needed, because the affected person might feel helpless. To give aid in these moments, there are therapies like psychological therapy, music therapy, art therapy, talking therapy and anger management therapy.
In cause of Lewy-body dementia temporary dropouts often occur. Cause of Lewy bodies is a protein deposit in the brain, which affects the functionality of the brain and can be explained temporarily from typesetter of the person with dementia. These interferences can also restrict the movement of persons with dementia and can lead to falling. Also the appearance of hallucination or unconsciousness is possible.
The pace of mental performance and physical characteristics of people with dementia decreases with time. With the help of physical therapy the person with dementia is animated to move and exercise his power of concentration. This includes for example occupational therapy.
The sensory therapy tests the sense and perception of the affected person. To advocate the mental ability, forms of training can be the milieu therapy, training of concentration, reminiscence or training of memories.
Therapy / Treatment
There are various therapy options. These depend on the state and situation of the person with dementia. Basically a distinction is made between emotional, physical, cognitive and sensory therapy.
Types of Dementia
There are three types of dementia, vascular dementia, Lewy-body dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Circulatory disturbances in the brain may result in dementia, often caused by the blockage of blood vessels due to deposits and followed by small strokes. This form of dementia is also known as multi-infarct dementia.